Gutenberg Sat, 01 Oct 2022 19:37:24 +0000 en-US hourly 1 Gutenberg 32 32 Drew McIntyre Disagrees With Logan Paul, Celebrities Get WWE Title Shots | News, Scores, Highlights, Stats & Rumors Sat, 01 Oct 2022 16:36:50 +0000

John Phillips-Pool/Getty Images for MTV

Drew McIntyre is not in favor of Logan Paul and other celebrities receiving championship opportunities in WWE.

In an interview with, McIntyre was asked about Paul challenging Roman Reigns for the WWE Universal Championship at Crown Jewel in Saudi Arabia next month, and he responded as follows:

“I understand why this is happening and I’m getting celebrities involved, especially those who give their all, and we’ve had a few. Logan Paul has done a great job, but I don’t know how to fight for it. titles. I think titles should be for people who have worked the map and put in the time. It’ll be a show and Roman will break it down and people will talk about it. That’s what it’s all about I guess I just have a different view of titles as I was talking about leading the game with Roman.”

McIntyre has a unique perspective in that it took many years of hard work and dedication to work his way onto the main event stage and become world champion.

Although he was nicknamed “The Chosen One” during his first stint with WWE from 2007 to 2014, he never made it to the top and was released from his contract. After rebuilding himself in promotions around the world, McIntyre returned to WWE in 2017.

McIntyre won the 2020 Royal Rumble match and defeated Brock Lesnar at WrestleMania 36 to win the WWE Championship for the first time in his career.

Meanwhile, Paul has only had two matches in WWE, and he’s already set to face Reigns in the main event of Crown Jewel for the world title.

Paul has shown a remarkable aptitude for professional wrestling during his short time in the company, and he’ll no doubt generate a ton of crossover appeal, but it’s understandable that some full-time wrestlers in WWE may not like- be not the idea that he is already pushed up.

Ultimately, it’s likely that Reigns will beat Paul and push him down the card, but that could still be a tough pill for McIntyre to swallow after falling short in his world title match against Reigns at Clash at the Castle last month.

Listen to Ring Rust Radio for all the hot stuff on wrestling. Watch the latest episode in the player below (warning: some NSFW languages).

Congress proved productive as Democrats sailed with a narrow majority Fri, 30 Sep 2022 23:26:00 +0000

Funding infrastructure in all 50 states. Billions for semiconductors made in the United States. Aid for American veterans exposed to burns in Afghanistan and Iraq. Aid to Ukrainian forces fighting a Russian invasion.

And of course, there’s what Senate Majority Leader Charles E. Schumer (DN.Y.) has called the “crown jewel” of the legislation: the sprawling Energy Reduction Act. inflation aimed at lowering prescription drug costs, tackling climate change, raising taxes on some billionaire corporations, and reducing the federal deficit.

The two years of Congress — which some political observers say could be stalled by wafer-thin majorities in both chambers and heightened polarization nationally — have been, according to Democrats, one of the most productive of the recent history with the passage of several bipartisan bills, such as the infrastructure measure and important Democratic-only legislation with far-reaching impact for millions of Americans.

President Biden called the infrastructure legislation “monumental”. House Majority Leader Steny H. Hoyer (D-Md.) called the money to subsidize domestic semiconductor manufacturing”deep.” And on Friday, shortly before the House was to pass a short-term spending bill to keep the government going, House Speaker Nancy Pelosi (D-California) told reporters: ” We watch this session with great pride” as Democrats managed to deliver on many but not all of Biden’s agenda items.

“We put people above politics,” she said, describing the achievements in a campaign-style slogan: “People more than politics.”

Republicans call the Democratic record “reckless” and “partisan” spending, contributing to record inflation while failing to address issues such as the influx of migrants at the border or crime in cities across the country.

“Riding inflation isn’t the only crisis keeping American families up at night,” Senate Minority Leader Mitch McConnell (R-Ky) said this week. “Over the past two years, law and order has deteriorated in our country. Public safety has eroded. Violent crimes like murders and carjackings are breaking records. And our southern border has turned into a turnstile. … It’s a national phenomenon under the watch of the Democrats.

The flurry of laws passed by the House, where the Democrats’ advantage has been a handful of votes, and the Senate, 50-50 with Vice President Harris often the deciding vote, comes after the relative legislative inactivity of the 116th Congress divided, which met from January 2019 to January 2021 – the last two years of Donald Trump’s tenure in the White House.

According to a Pew Research Center report, the 116th was “one of the least legislatively productive Congresses of the past five decades. Of the 24 congresses we analyzed, only four passed fewer laws than the 116th, including three in the past decade.

Pew’s analysis found that only about two-thirds of the laws enacted were substantive – “meaning they changed written law, spent money or established policy, no matter how minor” – while nearly a third were ceremonial, such as renaming a post office.

As for the analysis of the 117th Congress, Pew was expected to crunch the numbers after a lame session following the midterm elections.

In his last weekly press conference in Washington before the midterms, as lawmakers headed for exits, Pelosi sought to contrast whatever legislation Democrats may have passed and had Biden sign against what Republican leaders Congressmen said they would if they won majority control in November.

“It’s an election about contrast: a national ban on abortion, respect for freedom of choice for families. Again kitchen table issues like prescription drugs, reducing the cost of prescription drugs,” she said. “Republicans want to reverse that. The list is lengthened increasingly.”

Republicans have pointed to many of these same laws that Democrats have enacted as the reason Americans face higher supermarket prices, smaller paychecks, higher interest and mortgage rates. high and a falling stock market.

A “massive spending spree” has led to the highest inflation in 40 years, according to a video released Friday by Senate Republicans. The video says development, along with growing crime and large numbers of migrants entering the country on the southern border, “is Biden’s legacy in just two years.”

Unable to pass the individual spending bills, Congress was forced to pass the short-term bill to keep government open until December 16, giving negotiators more time.

Public opinion polls show Republicans are slightly favored to win enough seats to take control of the House, according to the data site five thirty eight. Democrats are slightly favored to keep control of the Senate, depending on the website.

In the Senate, Schumer navigated a wafer-thin majority with a penchant for making deals, sometimes with surprising or mixed results.

In June, after a fatal shooting at an elementary school in Uvalde, Texas, a bipartisan group of senators passed modest gun restrictions with $15 billion in funding for mental health and school safety. The legislation was a breakthrough on an emotional and polarizing issue that Congress had largely left untouched for more than 25 years.

In July, another deal was announced. Sen. Joe Manchin III (DW.Va.) — who for months had resisted backing Biden’s sweeping climate and inflation legislation, announced he had reached a deal with Schumer to do just that. Manchin would support the Cut Inflation Act in exchange for Schumer passing new legislation relaxing federal licensing rules for pipelines and other infrastructure.

Manchin provided his much-needed vote and Biden signed the legislation in August. But when Schumer this week attached Manchin’s clearance review to a short-term spending bill to avoid a government shutdown, bipartisan opposition mounted. Manchin eventually called for it to be withdrawn, and the spending bill passed.

In the House, legislative activity was determined by Pelosi and his unique ability to secure votes among its members.

Passing the Cut Inflation Act, Semiconductor Funding and four bills this month to fund small police departments and put in place accountability measures were seen as testimonial of Pelosi’s ability to hold his caucus together, despite ideological and generational fissures. The first female Speaker of the House, Pelosi has led Democrats for 19 years.

For close observers, the last session of Congress was very productive, but many rank-and-file members were unhappy with the way the legislation was crafted and brought to a vote.

For example: Legislation prohibiting members of Congress from owning and trading individual stocks did not make it to a House vote, despite broad support among members. A sponsor of the bill, Rep. Abigail Spanberger (D-Va.), blamed Pelosi, writing in a scathing statement Friday: “Our bipartisan reform coalition was then subjected to repeated delaying tactics, gestures of hand and at blatant instances of Lucy pulling the football.

Spanberger added, “This moment marks a failure of House leadership — and it’s yet another example of why I think the Democratic Party needs new leadership in the halls of Capitol Hill.”

Pelosi, who has openly opposed the ban in the past, told reporters on Friday that the delay was because “other members had ideas to improve the bill.” Referring to the committee leaders – who she essentially appoints and answers to him – Pelosi said: “I told them, whatever you members want to do, I fully support.”

It was the latest example of Pelosi’s push-and-pull leadership of the 200-plus-member caucus, which includes nationally recognized progressive figures like Rep. Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez (DN.Y.) and more moderate members like Rep. Tim Ryan (D-Ohio) who have openly embraced some Republican economic policies as they seek to woo voters outside of major coastal cities.

Pelosi has regularly brushed off questions about whether she will continue to lead House Democrats if they do not retain control of the chamber. Pelosi, who has served in Congress since 1987, told reporters on Friday, “I’m strictly focused on winning the next election.”

But Democrats and many Republicans have said Pelosi is the only person capable of bringing that caucus together. Two of his Republican predecessors, John A. Boehner (R-Ohio) and later Paul D. Ryan (R-Wis.), retired after their leaders were undermined by the House Freedom Caucus, the right-wing group booming Republicans. House Minority Leader Kevin McCarthy (R-Calif.) has worked hard to show he can muster the votes in his caucus like Pelosi did in his.

“Name me when we didn’t get votes,” Hoyer told reporters this week before ticking off a list of laws. “We may not have gotten it on the day we wanted”, but “all these bills have passed”.

Marianna Sotomayor and Paul Kane contributed to this report.

]]> BeReal is the false heir to social media and laid-back authenticity Fri, 30 Sep 2022 05:03:00 +0000

Olivia Shu/Daily Nexus

Scrolling Instagram is, in some ways, a mind-numbing field study in human artifice. Over the past decade, the perfect photo has disguised itself as authenticity. Instagram’s “everyday life” demands nothing less than a still image of the pre-planned, pre-posed, and pre-purified. It wasn’t until the COVID-19 lockdown siphoned off the glamor of the ideal life by reinstating a brand of ‘accidental beauty’ and casual photos that ‘authenticity’ won its rightful place in the world of social media. . In other words, the personal brand is dead. And the age of “casual authenticity” has risen.

It’s there that Be real is coming: a social media app new it’s surprisingly anti-Instagram. Founded in 2020 by French developers Alexis Barreyat and Kévin Perreau, BeReal promises a “chance to show your friends who you really are, for once”, as stated in the official the description. The algorithm is simple: once a day, BeReal sends out a randomly timed notification, alerting users to capture a front and back photo of their life in two minutes. Photos taken after this time can still be posted, but are flagged as late. You can retake your photo as many times as you want, but your friends will know. And only after posting your picture will you be allowed to view your friends’ posts and leave a “RealMoji:” selfie reaction to your friends’ BeReal posts.

The application particularly targets students, according to NPR. There is a ambassador program with the aim of “creating a university presence that embodies our brand”. I first downloaded the app in June 2022 after many of my friends praised its merits. “Oh, it’s not like Instagram. It’s a lot more laid back and fun,” my friends told me. With serious appeal, they added, “It’s also authentic. I caved. Just two months, I promised myself.

BeReal has redefined gamification in social media. A little like Snapchat Series, BeReal is proud of the two-minute photo timer. Right from the start, when the push notification popped up on my phone exclaiming it was time to be real, I rushed to my room in confusion, hesitating between having to pose or be candid before taking a picture. . Sometimes I waited for the perfect moment, hours after the two-minute countdown, when I was out with friends or doing something interesting to capture my BeReal – a solemn call that I’m not boring after everything.

Should we take BeReal as it is: a place to be real? After all, the app has made a name for itself as the moral opposite of Instagram. BeReal is, quite rightly, not like Instagram. In July, the Senate Commerce Committee approved two bills: the Children and Young Persons Online Privacy Protection Act and the Child Online Safety Act. Before the Senate Commerce Committee last fall, Facebook’s whistleblower Frances Haugen presented internal documents showing Facebook knew Instagram could be addictive and increase rates of eating disorders and depression in children and teens. Surprisingly, BeReal has something in common with other notable social media platforms. Among its 11 official “WARNING” chips descriptive, “BeReal may be addictive.” I salute the honesty of the application, but BeReal unwittingly pleaded guilty.

Despite this, BeReal is certainly a departure from Instagram. Yet not far from the “fake Instagram” or “finsta” movement – a trend in which young users reserve an extra Instagram account for a limited and close group of friends – NPR praises BeReal as “Instagnext ram rival for teens.” A Article from Teen Vogue writes how the app gives users the ability to “let the world know who you really are” without fluff or filters. Skepticism about the app has seeped into recent media after RE Hawley questioned BeReal’s praise for its authenticity in the new yorker in May. According to Hawley, what differentiates BeReal from other social media giants “is not the former’s relationship to the truth, but the size and scope of its deceptions.”

Online authenticity is not so much the truth, but a kind of performance. On some occasions, ironically, I found myself in front of the camera, faced with the urge to contort my face into a smile in the middle of an insensitive book or to appear graceful before a grapefruit as if seducing the fruit. In both scenarios, I am bound by a performance that never ends, in which I am both the actor and the cursed director.

In both scenarios, I am bound by a performance that never ends, in which I am both the actor and the cursed director.

In front of a camera, users are required to perform. The deception lies in the framework we show to the public. The problem is that these intentional moments – parties, concerts and outings – are simply framed as everyday life. To be twisted in this deception is to face online inauthenticity all over again. And again, I ask myself: “What’s the point?”

Un défilement rapide à travers la page publique “Découverte” de l’application BeReal, semblable à la page “Explore”[surInstagramestlerêved’unanthropologueUnephotod’unefenêtreàrideauxdansuncoindelapièceUnautred’unchienflouÉmissiondetélévisionactuelleSortieamicaleAlimentsLalistecontinueAvecchaquephotovientunvisagequim’estaussifamilierquelespersonnagesanonymesdemesrêvesLatotalitédetoutcelamejettedansunevaguedepaniquemaisneparvientpasàmefairesentircommeilfautPeut-êtrequesijepassaisdevantunefouledegensdansunerueaniméeetqu’unephotoBeRealsingulièreapparaissaitau-dessusdechacunedestêtesdepiétons-unhologrammedeleursvieslointaines-jemerappelleraisàquelpointl’humanitéestdevenueorganiquementennuyeuseUnevienumériquetellementdéforméeenbanalitéet«authenticitéoccasionnelle»cettedernièren’beingnotsoanoxymorethananimpossiblegamecharade[pageinInstagramisananthropologist’sdreamAphotoofacurtainedwindowononecorneroftheroomAnotherofablurreddogCurrentTVshowFriendlyoutingFoodThelistgoesonWitheachphotocomesafaceasfamiliartomeastheunnamedcharactersinmydreamsThetotalityofitallthrowsmeintoawaveofpanicyetfailstobringmetoaproperfeelingofsonderPerhapsifIweretopassbyacrowdofpeopleonabusystreetandasingularBeRealphotosprungupaboveeachofthepedestrian’sheads—ahologramoftheirdistantlives—IwouldberemindedofhoworganicallyboringhumanityhasbecomeAdigitallifesowarpedintobanalityand“casualauthenticity”thelatternotsomuchanoxymoronasitisanimpossiblecharadegame[surInstagramestlerêved’unanthropologueUnephotod’unefenêtreàrideauxdansuncoindelapièceUnautred’unchienflouÉmissiondetélévisionactuelleSortieamicaleAlimentsLalistecontinueAvecchaquephotovientunvisagequim’estaussifamilierquelespersonnagesanonymesdemesrêvesLatotalitédetoutcelamejettedansunevaguedepaniquemaisneparvientpasàmefairesentircommeilfautPeut-êtrequesijepassaisdevantunefouledegensdansunerueaniméeetqu’unephotoBeRealsingulièreapparaissaitau-dessusdechacunedestêtesdepiétons-unhologrammedeleursvieslointaines-jemerappelleraisàquelpointl’humanitéestdevenueorganiquementennuyeuseUnevienumériquetellementdéforméeenbanalitéet«authenticitéoccasionnelle»cettedernièren’étantpastantunoxymorequ’unjeudecharadeimpossible[pageinInstagramisananthropologist’sdreamAphotoofacurtainedwindowononecorneroftheroomAnotherofablurreddogCurrentTVshowFriendlyoutingFoodThelistgoesonWitheachphotocomesafaceasfamiliartomeastheunnamedcharactersinmydreamsThetotalityofitallthrowsmeintoawaveofpanicyetfailstobringmetoaproperfeelingofsonderPerhapsifIweretopassbyacrowdofpeopleonabusystreetandasingularBeRealphotosprungupaboveeachofthepedestrian’sheads—ahologramoftheirdistantlives—IwouldberemindedofhoworganicallyboringhumanityhasbecomeAdigitallifesowarpedintobanalityand“casualauthenticity”thelatternotsomuchanoxymoronasitisanimpossiblecharadegame

Melody thinks reality is no different from fantasy in BeReal. What are “BeReal” and “social media” if not a simple paradox?

Melody Chen

Melody Chen is an opinion writer and a major in psychological and brain sciences. When she’s not looking for inspiration, she can be found doing yoga and cackling in the latest stand-up comedy.

Why These 10 Celebrities Are Big Slutty Vegan Fans Thu, 29 Sep 2022 17:59:33 +0000

Aisha “Pinky” Cole, owner and operator of Slutty Vegan, has many famous fans. That’s no surprise, given his talent for making dishes loved by vegans, carnivores, and everyone in between. The former food truck-turned-microchain captured the hearts of stars in its early days, with the likes of Snoop Dogg, Tyler Perry and others singing the praises of its towering vegan burgers.

Cole opened the first brick-and-mortar version of the vegan fast food joint in Atlanta in January 2019. Slutty Vegan has since mushroomed, with multiple locations across Georgia, one in Alabama, and the recently opened spot in Brooklyn, New York.

New York City Mayor Eric Adams, who follows a plant-based diet, hailed the restaurant’s expansion into the Big Apple in a video. “Anyone who knows me knows that I like to eat healthy and plant-based. We love our Atlanta brothers and sisters, but it was about time you brought your vegan burgers here to the greatest city in the world,” said he declared.

Cole isn’t stopping in New York: she plans to open 20 new restaurants by the end of 2023.

There’s no doubt that Cole’s provocatively named vegan burgers, like the Heaux Boy and the Fussy Hussy, propelled Slutty Vegan into the stratosphere of fame. Her success has come alongside collaborations with Steve Madden and The Lip Bar, an advisory role at DoorDash, and an upcoming cookbook.

But Cole’s philanthropy has also cemented his celebrity status. Her charity, the Pinky Cole Foundation, focuses on supporting young black entrepreneurs. In 2019, she helped pay tuition for 30 students at Clark University in Atlanta. And earlier this year, she gifted an LLC to every graduate student at Clark Atlanta University’s commencement ceremony. Even some celebrity fans got in on the action. Rapper Jermaine Dupri helped Cole with an initiative that rewarded voters with free vegan burgers.

Who are the celebrity fans of Slutty Vegan?

Cue the chorus of “Celebrities! They’re just like us. Here are some of the celebrities who love Slutty Vegan.


1 Bailiff

Back in 2019’s Slutty Vegan debut, Usher sang the praises of fast food. The Grammy Award-winning rapper – who started his music career in Atlanta – visited the restaurant to try the Ménages à Trois burger, which includes a vegan bacon patty, vegan shrimp, vegan cheese, caramelized onions , lettuce, tomato and its signature sauce on a Hawaiian bread.

“I’m feeling frisky here we go,” Usher said in a video shared on Slutty Vegan’s social media platforms. “Its good.”


2 Viola Davis

Oscar-winning actress Viola Davis is one of Slutty Vegan’s biggest celebrity fans. The star of the epic historical drama The female king first heard of the restaurant during the food truck days. She was such a big fan that she booked the truck for catering while filming, for Essence.

“We were in a pandemic where we were watching George Floyd, Ahmad Arbery and Breonna Taylor on repeat,” Davis told the magazine. “And it was a constant reminder that we were, and have been in this country, the leftovers. It’s amazing how people come to life when you take care of them, when you literally think about their health, their joy, their comfort. And perhaps the secret sauce to her company, aside from the absolutely awesome food, is that she cares about her people.


3 Snoop Dogg

It’s safe to say that Snoop Dogg is a fan of vegan food, given his history of promoting Beyond Meat. But, he’s also one of Slutty Vegan’s original celebrity fans. In a 2019 video, he was captured eating fries – we’re guessing he’s already demolished the burger. Although Snoop Dogg didn’t have much to say, he gave the cashier an enthusiastic thumbs up – we agree, Snoop.


4 Spike Lee

Filmmaker Spike Lee was pictured at the recent opening of Slutty Vegan in Brooklyn. The restaurant captioned the photo of the director, writer and producer with “We think it’s safe to say @officialSpikeLee knows how to ‘do the right thing’!”


5 Shaquille O’Neal

Last spring, NBA legend Shaquille O’Neal candidly shared that he had cut down on his meat consumption. And, he discovered that Slutty Vegan satisfies his cravings for the type of food he wants to eat.

On an episode of the show Urban foods and treats hosted by comedian Rip Michaels, Shaq said, “It’s not that I’m going vegan. My friend introduced me to this place and it’s wholesome. For example, I like cheeseburgers, right? But the way [Cole] cooking, I can eat healthy, but I always feel like I’m eating badly.


6 Lena Waithe

The award-winning actor, screenwriter and producer is another celebrity fan of Slutty Vegan. Waithe’s love of Cole’s super stacked burgers dates back to 2018. “It’s good,” Waithe remarked between bites.

Slutty Vegan captioned the video, “Safe to say @lenawaithe has been #SLUTTIFIED.”

True to Cole’s charitable nature, she and Waithe, along with actress Gabrielle Union, former NBA star Dwayne Wade, singer Janelle Monáe and rapper Ludacris, helped cover the funeral expenses of a 15-year-old who committed suicide after being the target of anti-gay bullying.


seven Tyler Perry

Comedian Tyler Perry is a particularly vocal fan of Slutty Vegan’s. Perry was captured on video sampling fast food cravings in 2018, when Slutty Vegan was still in the food truck days. “It’s safe to say mom, WE did it,” Slutty Vegan captioned the Instagram post featuring the artist.

“It’s too good to be vegan. It’s really good,” he said before breaking into a dance. Good food makes us feel that way too.


8 Gabrielle Union

In June 2020, actress Gabrielle Union was among several stars who “bought” Slutty Vegan for the day as a thank you for Cole’s philanthropic efforts. The result? Free food for visitors all day.

“Such great food and really great people!! Glad we were able to help. Hate will never win #WeAllWeGot #StrongerTogether”, Union tweeted at the time.

The hashtags are a nod to the backlash that occurred after Cole announced she would pay school fees for the four children of Rayshard Brooks, a 27-year-old black man who was fatally shot by police in ‘Atlanta in June 2020. Cole’s business with negative reviews online, sparking an outpouring of support from celebrities and non-famous alike.


9 Chris Paul

NBA All-Star Chris Paul was another celeb who helped cook free Slutty Vegan Meals for a day in 2020. But, in June 2021, in honor of Juneteenth, he said free food was at the table again. menu.

“In the spirit of Juneteenth, I’m honored to support a Black-owned business while dedicating resources to nurturing the community,” Paul said at the time. “Let’s celebrate this Saturday.”


ten Ludacris

Ludacris started rapping in Atlanta, so it’s no wonder the Grammy-winning rapper is showing some Slutty Vegan love. The “Money Maker” rapper helped make Slutty Vegan meals free for Atlanta visitors in 2020.


11 Jermaine Dupri

As mentioned above, Dupri was instrumental in Cole’s initiative to encourage Atlanta residents to exercise their right to vote. The music mogul’s love for Slutty Vegan and charitable endeavors is still going strong. Over the summer, Dupri personally served the catering the restaurant provided at People for the Ethical Treatment of Animal’s (PETA) annual Congressional Veggie Dog Lunch event on Capitol Hill.

Not all Slutty Vegan fans. According to multiple press releases, celebrity visitors to the restaurant include multi-hyphenates Colin Kaepernick, Queen Latifah, Will Smith, Tiffany Haddish, Martin Lawrence, Taraji P. Henson, Justin Timberlake, Missy Elliott, and more. Along with winning the love of New York City’s own mayor, Adams, Slutty Vegan has also won a political supporter in Georgia, Senator Jon Ossoff.

For more vegan fast food guides read:

How to Train Your Brain to Love Doing Difficult Things Thu, 29 Sep 2022 10:15:01 +0000

As a mountaineer, I struggle against gravity while scaling walls and their rocky holds. But my arms invariably tire, my grip slips from sweat, and sometimes my nerves ask me if I should stick to easier climbing routes.

Trying to do hard things is, well, hard. And exerting ourselves physically and mentally often hurts us.

Yet we seek these challenges without any obvious extrinsic rewards. I pay a monthly fee for the experience of waving and falling in a climbing gym.

Others go even further, climb mountains, run marathons or even ultramarathons. And many people spend their free time exercising their minds on crossword puzzles, strategizing in board games, or playing video games.

Our tendency to do difficult things that make us feel bad is what researchers call the effort paradox. try hard is expensive and aversive, but it’s something humans appreciate.

Our brains are constantly performing cost-benefit analyzes on choices and actions. When we work hard, the anterior cingulate cortex located near the front of our brain follow our efforts, and its neural activity appears to be associated with the severity of exertion. These stress cues help our brain assess whether it’s worth keeping trying or doing something else.

Historically, the fields of cognitive neuroscience and behavioral economics have focused on the very intuitive notion that making an effort is difficult most of the time. When presented with a choice between two cognitive tasks, people clearly prefer to do the easier one and are willing to accept fewer rewards to avoid having to put in more effort. A recent study found that people are willing to accept physical pain to avoid cognitively demanding tasks.

And it’s not just humans who like to be lazy. What scientists call thelaw of least effortalso seems to apply to animals. Rats, too, avoid physically challenging parts of the maze and cognitively demanding tasks.

Why it’s great that your brain can experience admiration

Mental exertion also has a physical impact: our sympathetic “fight or flight” nervous systems fire up, our pupils dilate, and our heart beats faster.

Effort “feels bad, and we tend to avoid it. That’s why it’s expensive,” said Michael Inzlicht, professor of psychology at the University of Toronto. Yet at the same time, “there’s something about pushing yourself that feels precious and enjoyable too.”

One obvious reason we make an effort is for the end product, whether it’s a championship trophy, a personal best, or a year-end bonus. Generally, “in the real world, the harder you work, the more rewards you tend to get,” Inzlicht said.

Neuroimaging shows that the ventral striatum, a brain region that plays a key role in processing rewarding outcomes, is most strongly activated when we achieve something by greater effort than less effort.

The more effort something takes, the more we tend to enjoy it.

People are willing to pay more for an object they built themselves than for the same object built by experts – an aptly named phenomenon IKEA effect.

But why do we value efforts that hurt? Why do mountain climbers and other outdoor thrill seekers crave “Type II pleasure” even when the effort itself is terrible in the moment?

A study suggests that the answer may lie in effort. Researchers found that the rewarding effort — not the outcome — made people search for more difficult tasks latereven if they didn’t get any additional rewards.

In the first experiment, 121 people were fitted with electrodes to monitor their cardiovascular activity as a physical measure of how hard their brains were working on a standard memory task.

A group of participants was rewarded according to the effort provided. Another group was rewarded with random amounts of money regardless of their efforts.

Then, the same participants were given a different mathematical problem-solving cognitive challenge and were allowed to choose the difficulty. Importantly, participants were informed that they would not be paid for this part of the experience.

Despite this lack of extrinsic reward, participants who were previously rewarded for their efforts decided to tackle more difficult math problems compared to participants who got random rewards.

The second set of experiments conducted online with nearly 1,500 participants found a similar result: again, participants who were previously rewarded for putting in more cognitive effort chose to solve more demanding math problems for free.

The study suggests that we can learn to enjoy the journey, regardless of the destination. The effort itself can be rewarding.

Although the effects were relatively small, the results were exciting given that the workouts only lasted about 15 minutes, said Veronique Jobprofessor of motivational psychology at the University of Vienna and author of the study.

“How we value effort is determined by what we experience in day-to-day life. We have this whole history of learning” in schools and at work which tends to reward results and accomplishments more than the effort we put in, Job said. Yet a short stint in the lab allowed participants to appreciate the intrinsic value of mental labor After.

Boredom is a warning sign. Here is what he tells you.

The new study is just a starting point for understanding how to train to push harder.

This doesn’t mean you’re going full throttle in all areas of your life all the time: overwork, burnout, and possible injury aren’t healthy or desirable outcomes.

But being able to try hard is a useful skill for achieving ambitious goals that you enjoy. In a preprint study that has yet to be peer-reviewed, Inzlicht and colleagues found that people who find meaning in their efforts tend to report greater satisfaction and meaning in life as well.

Finding the value of effort is why we are able to climb mountains and find that hidden reserve of strength during a race or as we approach a deadline.

For her part, Job has applied her findings to the way she runs her lab. Celebrations now happen when grant applications are submitted, not just when they’re accepted, so “it’s tied and more dependent on actual effort,” she said.

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Do you have a question about human behavior or neuroscience? E-mail and we may answer it in a future column.

]]> Social media challenges pose dangers for even the best-adjusted kids, experts say Wed, 28 Sep 2022 18:00:03 +0000

Credit: Pixabay/CC0 Public domain

A recent warning from the FDA about social media’s latest challenge to go viral has reignited attention on the dangerous trend that puts impressionable children and teens at risk.

The need for affirmation on social media, reinforced by peer pressure, can have dangerous consequences, as stunts like eating a pod of Tide detergent, holding your breath until you pass out, or ingesting chicken cooked in NyQuil have injured young people and even resulted in deaths.

“Therein lies the danger, in immature children combined with very powerful algorithms and the desire to be loved and accepted,” said Titania Jordan, parenting director of Bark Technologies, an app that allows parents to monitor their children’s Internet activities.

The latest trend is the so-called NyQuil Chicken Challenge, in which people film themselves cooking chicken soaked in over-the-counter cold and flu medication and then eating it. The bizarre stunt appears to have originated from the 4Chan website in 2017 and made its rounds earlier this year. The FDA last week issued a warning to children not to try this at home.

While there have been no reported injuries or fatalities for the NyQuil Chicken Challenge yet, the same cannot be said for past stunts. Perhaps the deadliest was the “blackout challenge”, which emerged in 2008 and came back into vogue earlier this year. Also called a ‘choking challenge’ or ‘passing out challenge’, it encourages users to hold or hold their breath until they pass out due to lack of oxygen. He was linked to more than 80 deaths when he first appeared, according to the CDC, and more have died since he resurfaced last year on TikTok.

TikTok is being sued for wrongful death after three girls from Texas, Philadelphia and Milwaukee died trying to recreate the choking challenge.

The platform says it is investigating any reports of “dangerous or harmful challenges circulating online”.

The psychosocial components of what compels an impressionable youngster to try such practices have parents and others thwarted, Jordan told the Daily News.

“TikTok is an integral part of teen and tween culture and includes everything from fashion and sports to music and memes,” Jordan said. “And unfortunately, challenges that harm human life can take off as virally as some of the more fun or benign challenges.”

A teenager “might want to jump on the bandwagon to go viral,” she explained.

It’s basically peer pressure on steroids.

“Whether it’s Tide pods, a morning after pill, or Benadryl, it’s less about a pharmaceutical product or a specific ingredient and more about peer pressure to push the envelope,” said she declared. “There’s always been peer pressure. Now there’s the added element of views, virality and engagement – ​​shares, comments.”

Few parents realize that their child might be susceptible, she says.

“You never think it’s going to be your child until he makes a mistake, he makes a bad choice,” she said.

“Social media rewards outrageous behavior, and the more outrageous the greater the bragging rights,” the American Academy of Pediatrics said on its website. “It’s a fast-paced, impulsive environment, and the fear of losing is real for teenagers. This environment plays on a teenager’s underdeveloped ability to think about their actions and the possible consequences.”

Besides being “silly and unappetizing,” the fake chicken dish could be dangerous and even deadly, the FDA said. The makers of NyQuil have also discouraged the use of their product with poultry or any other foods.

The FDA recently warned against all potentially dangerous social media challenges, especially those involving drugs. The agency also cited previous challenges, including the Benedryl Challenge which involves participants filming themselves consuming high doses of the over-the-counter antihistamine drug diphenhydramine, and the effects of the resulting hallucinations.

Pediatrician and child safety and injury prevention advocate Dr. Nkeiruka Orajiaka knows the fallout from these social media challenges. “I’ve seen people hurt in previous challenges, like the milk crates, the Benadryl challenge,” she said, referring to people filming themselves carefully climbing a pyramid of plastic containers. plastic and generally falling off.

“We have a lot of injuries from falls, broken bones,” she said, which is especially bad for teens and tweens “because at that age their bones are still growing, their bones are still fragile”.

Parents can step in to prevent such incidents, experts said.

“I think a lot of parents don’t want to talk about these challenges,” Orajiaka said. “It’s about finding a way to have these conversations before they actually happen.”

“It’s a very, very interesting time to be a parent and a kid. Scary,” Jordan said.

Chicken cooked in NyQuil? Help kids avoid social media ‘medical challenges’

New York Daily News 2022.

Distributed by Tribune Content Agency, LLC.

Quote: Social media challenges pose dangers to even the best-adjusted children, experts say (2022, September 28) Retrieved September 28, 2022, from pose-hazards-well-adjusted.html

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Who are the presenters of The Gadget Show? Wed, 28 Sep 2022 10:12:24 +0000

THE Gadget Show is one of the longest running shows in the UK that gives its audience access to the latest gadget reviews.

Here we take a look at the current presenters of the Channel 5 show.


Red Dwarf star Craig Charles (middle left) announced his departure from the show in August 2022Credit: PA: Press Association

Who are the presenters of The Gadget Show?

The initial line-up of The Gadget Show consisted of Jason Bradbury, Suzi Perry and Jon Bentley.

But over the years, the presentation team has undergone several changes.

Countdown’s Rachel Reilly even had a one-year stint.

And in August 2022, it was revealed that Craig Charles would not be returning to the Consumer Program after five years.

Here are the current Channel 5 presenters.

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Ortis Dely

Ortis is one of the presenters of The Gadget Show


Ortis is one of the presenters of The Gadget ShowCredit: Getty Images – Getty

Ortis rose to fame as a contestant on the popular Saturday night show Blind Date, hosted by Cilla Black.

He went on to present various CBBC shows including Xchange, Wonderful World of Weird and X-perimental.

Ortis joined the team on Channel 5’s mainstream tech show The Gadget Show alongside Suzi Perry, Jon Bentley and Jason Bradbury, but left in 2012.

But returned on March 10, 2014 for the revamped version of the show.

George Barrat

Georgie Barrat is one of three presenters of The Gadget Show


Georgie Barrat is one of three presenters of The Gadget ShowCredit: Getty

Georgie is a tech journalist from Manchester who knows all about the latest digital trends.

She was a regular face on ITV’s Weekend and Channel 5’s The Saturday Show and The Wright Stuff.

She joined The Gadget show in 2017 after Jason Bradbury left.

Speaking about his new TV role at the time, Georgie said: “I’ve watched The Gadget Show for almost half my life so I’m thrilled to have the chance to join the team.

“It really is a dream come true!”

Jon Bentley

Jon Bentley is one of the presenters of The Gadget Show


Jon Bentley is one of the presenters of The Gadget ShowCredit: North One TV All rights reserved

For 12 years, between 1987 and 1999, Jon was the producer and executive producer of Top Gear.

Her role helped launch the TV careers of Jeremy Clarkson, Quentin Wilson and Vicki Butler-Henderson.

Jon was also the producer of the Fifth Gear series from 2002 to 2004, while a corner of the Top Gear test track is named after him.

In 2004, he decided to go in front of the camera and joined The Gadget Show as a presenter.

However, in February 2012, it was announced that the show’s format was changing – and Jon was leaving the show.

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But just a year later, in April 2013, Channel 5 bosses admitted defeat and reverted the tech show to its previous format.

Jon joined the presenting team alongside Countdown star Rachel Riley.

Ali Fazal and Richa Chadha’s wedding in the presence of Hollywood celebrities Wed, 28 Sep 2022 01:26:01 +0000

Congratulations are in order to the latest Bollywood couple Ali Fazal and Richa Chadha for getting married very soon with their industry comrades and Hollywood celebrities eager to attend this extravagant event. Fazal, the groom-to-be, will be looking forward to his Hollywood pals with whom he has shared the screen in his international endeavors.

The Fukrey The couple would have less than a week to wed in a grand ceremony expected to last several days for different rituals and traditions.

According to media reports, Hollywood’s guest list includes Fazal’s Victoria and Abdul co-star, Judi Dench with Gerard Butler, who will be seen with the Happy Bhaag Jayegi actor in Kandahar.

With a star-studded guest list, the Bollywood couple’s wedding is sure to be a big deal.

According to local media, the Delhi festivities of Fukrey will start on September 29 at the iconic Delhi Gymkhana Club, while the Mehendi and Sangeet ceremonies will take place on October 1. Richa Chadha and Ali Fazal will exchange vows on October 3 in Mumbai.

Chadha and Fazal have been dating for a few years and planned to get married in 2020 but postponed due to the pandemic.

‘It’s time to stop the fight’ | 32 independent studies denounce the widespread use of hydrogen for heating Tue, 27 Sep 2022 15:18:00 +0000

Hydrogen in premises and hot water heating will be more expensive and less efficient than other clean alternatives in almost all circumstances, according to a review of 32 independent studies on the subject, leading to calls promoters to “stop the fight” for hydrogen heating.

Energy researcher Jan Rosenow’s peer review report, published in the Joule scientific journal today, is expanding a “study of studies” of 18 people it compiled earlier this year and decisively confirms the findings of the original list.

The review comes as Cornwall Insight energy analysts warn in a separate analysis that heating with hydrogen could nearly double the cost of heating a home property by the end of the decade, compared to fossil gas.

The cost of using 100% green hydrogen fueled by a new offshore wind farm in a UK home would drive prices up 94.7% in 2030 over fossil gas, before dropping to a premium of 66.3 %, calculated Cornwall Insight.


None of the 32 independent studies found hydrogen to be a cost-effective decarbonization solution for heating compared to heat pumps, solar thermal or district heating, either in terms of energy system costs or for consumers.

Echoing the previous analysis, Rosenow, who leads the Regulatory Assistance Project (RAP) sustainability think tank, reiterated that the relative inefficiencies of electrolysis and average boiler and the relative efficiency of heat pumps result in a hydrogen boiler requiring five times more energy. resources of an aerothermal heat pump.

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Electrolyzers absorb about 20% of the electricity input when converting to hydrogen, while boilers lose another 15% when converting to heat. Hydrogen also contains about three times less energy by volume than natural gas, so larger amounts are needed to produce the same amount of heat. Additionally, due to the smaller molecules, approximately three times more energy would also be required to pump hydrogen into homes and businesses compared to natural gas, and energy is also required to compress H2which further reduces the round-trip efficiency.

Any cost savings realized by green hydrogen producers from cheaper renewable electricity will be more than offset by directly electrified alternatives, the report notes.

And the cost profile is not improving for blue hydrogen, according to Cornwall Insight. The premium on blue hydrogen made from fossil gas and carbon capture and storage (CCS) would peak at 78.7% in 2039 – nearly a decade later than offshore wind-powered green hydrogen – at that time. there it would become more expensive than the green H.2.

Moreover, the only study in the Joule review which examined the life cycle environmental impact of hydrogen boilers compared to other alternatives found that H2 burners have the highest environmental impacts in all cases.

“Hydrogen for heating requires more energy supply infrastructure, uses more resources and requires more land,” the peer-reviewed report notes, adding: “The use of hydrogen for heating domestic is less economical, less efficient, more resource-intensive and associated with greater environmental impacts.”

However, the review acknowledged some evidence supporting the use of hydrogen heating in some specific circumstances. In areas where the cost of grid upgrades is particularly high, for example, a “Hybrid Hydrogen Heat Pump” could save energy at peak times by burning hydrogen for heat.

And where extensive hydrogen infrastructure is already in place to serve industry, H2 heating could prove viable, the report said, but cautioned that there is insufficient evidence to draw a conclusion one way or the other.


The report was well received by Bloomberg New Energy Finance founder Michael Liebreich, who last week —in a characteristic twist – tweeted that hydrogen heating would “not be a thing”.

“There is no serious analysis showing that hydrogen plays more than a marginal role in the future of space heating,” he said. “We need to get Europe’s heating systems off natural gas, and we need to do it now. It’s time to stop the fight: the judges are unanimous and the winners are district heating, heat pumps and electrification.

Rosenow called on governments to consider the evidence before committing public funds to hydrogen heating and instead focus on decarbonizing the existing hydrogen industry.

“Using hydrogen for heating may seem appealing at first glance,” he said. “However, all independent research on this subject comes to the same conclusion: heating with hydrogen is much less efficient and more expensive than alternatives such as heat pumps, district heating and solar thermal.”

He added: “Rather than hoping that hydrogen can eventually replace the fossil gas used to heat our buildings, we should focus on accelerating the deployment of energy efficiency and heat pumps, technologies consistently identified as critical to reducing carbon emissions from buildings.”

deaf ears

This all seems to be falling on deaf ears in the UK, which is throwing its weight behind hydrogen heating and blue hydrogen (made with fossil gas and carbon capture and storage) – at least partly due to the lobbying efforts of local gas distributors such as Cadent and SGN.

The government, which recently appointed a new prime minister, Liz Truss, has committed to expedite the delivery of the Hynet and East Coast Cluster blue H2 projects in its emergency budget on Friday.

And new energy secretary and fossil fuel enthusiast Jacob Rees-Mogg is advocating for a reduction in wind and solar energy to be used to make hydrogen for heating.

“I think hydrogen is ultimately the silver bullet,” he told parliament last week. “We’re creating it from renewable sources, because we have wind power when people aren’t tapping into the electrical system; we use it as an efficient battery and it can then, with a few adjustments, be taken to people’s homes to heat them during the winter.

The economic case for reduced use of wind and solar to power electrolyzers is slim at best. The low utilization rate — estimated around 10% according to the International Renewable Energies Agency — would not produce enough hydrogen to make the investment of an H2 producer.

For the UK, which has more installed wind capacity than solar, the level of reduction drops to just over 3% on average, and Cornwall Insight noted that powering electrolyzers with reduced renewable energy would not produce enough H2 decarbonize the country’s heating.

According to the MCS Charitable Foundation, which commissioned the heating report from Cornwall Insight, 120 paid hydrogen lobbyists currently operate in the UK Parliament.

This report follows a similar finding by campaign group Global Witness, which found the use of hydrogen in heating would double European energy bills by 2050.

Italy revealed by Italians on social networks Mon, 26 Sep 2022 10:03:55 +0000

Italy is, in part, a photographic invention, a mirage of tourist clichés and decadent Venetian palace magazines, savage Sardinian beaches and almost pornographic close-ups of creamy Roman carbonara. “Images of Italian profiles”, a project born on Facebook and recently published in the form of a book of the same title, shows us something different: what its creator, Stefano Frosini, calls “a marginal Italy”, going beyond ” brilliant rhetoric”. of the Belpaese which ends up cannibalizing all the other possible narratives.

As its title suggests, the project collects images from Italians’ social media profiles and, as the page grows, images submitted from photo albums and personal collections. The photos are selected by Frosini, a twenty-nine-year-old teacher from Pistoia, Tuscany, for their strangeness or improbable beauty, for their absurdity or their grotesqueness. They are unpretentious photographs, even “made by mistake or without particular ambition”, Frosini told Emiliano Ceresi in an interview. He chose an English name for the band to avoid the impression that he was somehow driven by smug patriotism, and these images do more to satirize and complicate national myths than reinforce them.

Some are obviously Italian self-mockery, like the painting of the policeman stepping away from his official duties for a moment (or perhaps fulfilling them eminently) to lift the duct tape so that a woman and her child can take home pizzas, a rare shot which, according to Frosini, was taken by a professional journalist – or the various photos of babies with cigarettes in their hands (in one case, on the knees of a priest). Some are disconcerting, like an unforgettable photo of a man in a Spider-Man T-shirt, staring in feigned amazement at the camera, next to a bed on which lie dozens of eggs. But many are Italian in a way that only becomes more meaningful and nuanced, as you spend time in the non-touristy places where most people actually live, and experience for yourself. baptisms and funerals, the smell of pines by the sea, the disturbing emptiness of the big cities during the Ferragosto holidays in mid-August, and everywhere the weight of the past. The images show the down to earth side of proverbs rather than the brilliant ease of stereotypes.

Frosini’s eye gravitates to the kind of images his parents and grandparents used to look at during the lazy hours after a holiday meal. Her page collects family albums, anonymous but vivid photos of “school trips, New Year’s parties, Easter Mondays, last-minute birthday parties, small-town parties”, the occasions on which, writes Frosini, “the person taking the pictures do it Cordially, renouncing aesthetic sublimation techniques that flatten his taste to a single standard, seen elsewhere and consciously reproduced. Although Frosini’s project was made possible thanks to social networks, it is not.

Rather, “Pictures” revels in the kind of unfettered sharing that took place in the early days of posting photos online, before each image became an act of self-fashioning. The images are marked by the neglect of the disposable camera and, according to Frosini, an earlier era of digital photography, when it was easy and cheap to take hundreds of photos, but before scripts, postures and the carefully studied social media iconography. had solidified. Although all photographs are anonymous, Frosini was drawn to photographing digital non-natives, those people we all know who tend to over-share both online and in person, and who, in Italy, perfume often their language with the dialect telling the forgotten story of a mischievous uncle or a now totally unfunny joke or an obscure local feud whose causes you simply cannot understand.

There’s nostalgia in this approach, but also more than a hint of mockery: at first, Frosini would visit the comments section of online newspapers, find the “most extreme and all-caps” comment, and scroll through the Facebook profile. of the person who made it, “because language is always a good place to start,” he told Ceresi. (Frosini himself writes in a particularly careful, correct and sometimes bookish Italian.) Although he rethought his methods when the group became popular, above all to ensure the privacy of the people represented, “Pictures” is not not without ugly moments, especially in its depiction of the elderly; sometimes the sheer naivety of an image feels like we’re simply being invited to poke fun at both the photographed and the photographer. But, at its best, “Pictures” is marked by Diane Arbus’ wit, sweet pathos and stranger-than-fiction unexpectedness.

Although the book’s timeline is broad, stretching from the black-and-white era of the grainy digital beginnings to the twenty-two megapixel present, most of the images are from the 1990s and early 2000s, when Frosini was a small child. (He was born in 1993.) Frosini might as well be the boy eating pasta in his messy room while “Futurama” is on TV, under a poster of the Azzurri, the Italian national soccer team, with a box of AS juice on the windowsill and a small Charizard sticker on the side of his desk. Photos like these are “all chasms of collective nostalgia for our country, objective correlates of entire phases of youth,” Frosini explained. He said that at first he included a photo just because of “an unknown person’s marked resemblance to someone I knew”, and it could easily be one of his friends who, responding to a challenge or just encouraged on youth itself, flies from a swing past the twisted arm of a gnarled old tree, into the future.

A recurring concern is the contrast of old age and youth – the defining social dynamic in Italy, where there are two old people for every child. In one unforgettable image, which sits near the center of Frosini’s print collection, an elderly woman holds a PlayStation 2 version of Final Fantasy X on the table with both hands, a puzzled expression on her face. In the background, a young girl – presumably her granddaughter – smiles and gives a thumbs up. In the blurry, faded Polaroid image, whose very coloring evokes a lost world, the old woman stares into what looks like the deep past. She may very well have no idea what she’s holding or why it’s important. The image is as amusing as the fads of old people can be. But, at the same time, it is disturbing. In a country increasingly overwhelmed by its elderly, and where 85-year-old Silvio Berlusconi is seeking a new term in power, nostalgia can mix with fear, anger, frustration and disgust.

The nonni of these images are sometimes charming but just as often grotesque; they are often uncomfortable with the young people around them and with the presumably young viewer. The white-haired, bare-chested man who eats Bolognese for lunch doesn’t seem to be saying anything particularly nice; the white tiles on the wall and floor, and the white door behind him, only bring out his flushed face and sunburnt chest. In another photo, a slightly confused-looking old man, wearing his trilby indoors, sits and holds a handwritten note reading “non devi morire” – “you don’t have to die”. Frosini doesn’t usually comment on the images he posts, and here this image, while perhaps funny at first glance, quickly slips into uncomfortable ambiguity.